duchesse de bourgogne louis xiv
LA MORT DE LA DUCHESSE ADELAIDE DE BOURGOGNE. He started to bombard Marie-Adélaïde with threatening letters and the whole thing only came to an end, because he, in a fit of insanity, jumped out of a window and did not survive. Henriette-Anne d’Angleterre, appelée couramment Henriette, naît le 16 juin 1644. She was born in Turin on 6 December in 1685 to Victor-Amédée II, Duc de Savoie, and Anne-Marie d’Orléans. This print is a wonderful illustration of late Louis XIV style. duchesse de Berry in France during the years 1832 and 1833. This treaty between her father and Louis XIV agreed that her father would support France in the Nine Years' War. Madame later said that Marie Adélaïde was one of the only two persons Louis XIV had ever truly loved in his life, the other being Anne of Austria, the king's mother. Hardly anyone seemed to have judged her for it. She taught her the who is who, the who to avoid, to whom she should be especially kind to, what the King enjoyed and what he did not enjoy, what her grandpa, Monsieur, liked and how she could please both. Madame de Ventadour was renowned for having saved the infant Louis XV's life. Louise-Françoise de Bourbon, Duchesse de Bourbon et Princesse de Condé, Marie-Madeleine Pioche de La Vergne, Comtesse de La Fayette. The Duchess of Bourbon wanted her daughter Mademoiselle de Bourbon to wed Charles, Duke of Berry, youngest son of the Grand Dauphin. As the Dauphin died suddenly in 1711, the Duc de Bourgogne became the new Dauphin. Louis XIV could be quite uncaring. Love and Louis XIV; The Women in the Life of the Sun King. Henriette-Anne d’Angleterre, appelée couramment Henriette, naît le 16 juin 1644. Unknown to the other, the Duchesse exchanged looks and words with both as well as secret missives. Excerpt from La Duchesse de Bourgogne Et l'Alliance Savoyarde Sous Louis XIV: Les Années Heureuses Et la Rupture de l'Alliance Droits de traduction et de reproduction réservés pour tous les pays y compris la Suède, la Norvège et la Hollande. Her youngest son, the only child to survive beyond childhood, later became King Louis XV of France. She later on suspected her of making fun of her and talking badly to the King of her. Nangis however was smart enough to not let himself be provoked. She used her influence over the aging king to prevent her political enemies from furthering their causes. Fortuanetly for her, a friend of the Duc said the explosion might tear the Princesse into pieces and kept the Duc from firing them. She did not care much for rank and such things. Premier arrière petit-fils de Louis XIV, sa naissance entraîne des festivités pendant plusieurs jours. The Duchesse visited him often and stayed for quite a while. Princesses, perfect or not so perfect, all share a fate. The friend’s of the Duchesse came for the rescue. Madame de Maintenon was not at all fond of gambling and Louis XIV was not too fond of it anymore either. She felt better the next day and slowly returned to her merry self…. I have just heard that she has slept for an hour and hopes to have a good night.”. Her eyes were large and black, surrounded by long eyelashes.. Her great enemy was the Duchess of Bourbon, a legitimated daughter of Louis XIV and his mistress, Madame de Montespan. She spent most of the following day in bed, but rose at 9 o’clock in the evening to visit the King and play cards in the salon. If wedded to the right person, they can secure peace for their native land. One time the Dauphin, her father-in-law, wanted to host a public ball and wished her to be present. She had to rise again in the afternoon, because Louis insisted she should join him in the salons. He too was as if awoken from a long slumber. She did not have a good night and spent it in much pain until 4 o’clock in the morning, when the pain suddenly vanished. Pretty much nine months later, Anne-Marie nearly died during the birth of their first child, a daughter. The mourning court traveled to Fontainebleau in February 1712. On December 7, 1697, one day after turning 12, she was married to the king’s eldest grandson, Louis, duke of Burgundy. If Louis wanted to go the Marly, Marie-Adélaïde had to go with him. Louis XIV and his descendants: la duchesse de Ventadour (royal governess), the duc de Bretagne, the Grand Dauphin, Louis XIV and the duc de Bourgogne, 1710 attributed to Nicolas de Largillière (1656-1746) Louis, duc de Bourgogne, puis dauphin de France, adolescent, d'après De Troy Rois et Reines d'Europe Marie-Adélaïde simply said she did not care if the man she dances with, is a King, a prince of the blood, a nobleman, a soldier or a nobody. (The marriage was not consummated until two years later.) And as the years passed, the little girl became more and more beautiful. On April 13, he drove to Marly in the afternoon for some fresh air and a chat with the Duchesse de Bourgogne. Thus he was not impressed as he learned of the Duchesse playing Lansquenet with some random gentlemen after a picnic. Portraits de Louis, duc de Bourgogne et de M. A. de Savoie, Duchesse de Bourgogne dans deux bordures ovales posées sur une console : [estampe] -- -- images Prince Louis de France, Duc de Bourgogne (1682 - 1712), Dauphin de France et Prince de Viane en 1711, à la mort de son père le Grand Dauphin. A rose of Savoy; Marie Adélaïde of Savoy, duchesse de Bourgogne, mother of Louis XV by Williams, H. Noel (Hugh Noel), 1870-1925. Thus Louis XIV did not travel to Meudon to see his son that afternoon and drove to Marly instead. Monsieur Philippe I, Duke of Orléans (21 September 1640 – 9 June 1701) was the younger son of Louis XIII of France and his wife, Anne of Austria.His older brother was the "Sun King", Louis XIV.Styled Duke of Anjou from birth, Philippe became Duke of Orléans upon the death of his uncle Gaston in 1660. The Duc de Bourgogne was not greeted warmly as he returned to Versailles and it took quite a while until the truth became known. Last update: 12-18-2020. Fêtes and comedies returned as did afternoon amusements. The rest of the court was also in the know and watched the screaming Princesse in her struggle from a distance, highly amused. She tried what she could to make the situation better, but had not too much success. The only child to survive the epidemic was the future Louis XV who was locked inside his apartments with his governess Madame de Ventadour to avoid being bled to death by doctors like his elder brother had been. Maulevrier stayed in Spain for a year and by the time he returned, his state of mind had changed from bordering on insanity to completely insane. Only after the high-ranking officers returned as well and told the King of what happened, he began to see it was a plot against the Duc. La Duchesse De Bourgogne - Une Princesse De Savoie À La Cour De Louis Xiv 1685-1712. In early April 1711, her father-in-law Le Grand Dauphin caught smallpox and died on 14 April at the Château de Meudon. As part of the Treaty of Turin, Victor-Amédée’s French-born mistress Jeanne-Baptiste d’Albert de Luynes and the Comte de Tessé arranged a match for Marie-Adélaïde. A rose of Savoy; Marie Adélaïde of Savoy, duchesse de Bourgogne, mother of Louis XV by Williams, H. Noel (Hugh Noel), 1870-1925. LOUIS DE FRANCE. All three were named Louis and only one reached adulthood, the future Louis XV. - Lieutenant Colonel Henri Carré / Livres anciens (Autre) Occasion dès 55,50 € Madame de Maintenon wrote to Madame des Ursins the very day: “The Dauphine has a fixed pain between the ear and the top of the jaw, just below the temple: the affected part is so small that you could cover it with a finger-nail; she has convulsions and cries like a woman in travail, and at about the same intervals. En 1697, elle épouse Louis de France (1682 † 1712), duc de Bourgogne, puis dauphin de France. Marie-Adélaïde loved to tease him about his big belly and visited Saint-Cloud often. Marie-Adélaïde could be quite indiscreet… she jested in public about how pious her husband was… but she probably thought not much of it and meant no harm, after all she was of the generation that made fun of everything, as she said herself. The bride was dressed in a gown of silver fabric, covered all over with rubies, and featuring a trail of 8 metres length. They arranged a series of bombs along the avenue that led from Marly to the Perspective, where the Princesse d’Harcourt lodged. The marriage of Marie Adélaïde came as a result of the Treaty of Turin signed on 29 August 1696. In contrary to his own children and grandchildren, who had been brought up to feel more awe than affection for him, Marie-Adélaïde was a fresh breeze for Louis. It was at Marly that the Dauphin himself died six days later, having caught the measles from his wife. Duc de Bourgogne, il est en seconde position sur la liste des héritiers présomptifs de la couronne, d’où la nécessité de l’unir à une prétendante qui satisfait aux intérêts de la France. Your email address will not be published. The Duchesse was also extremely fond of card games, especially of lansquenet. She cannot write to you, and you will easily understand why.”, Louis XIV was beside himself with grief. She ran to him to embrace him and kiss his cheeks, jumped on his lap, rummaged in his important papers and yawned when he was too busy to pay her the attention she desired. While in the room below her, her husband was suffering of a fever which would reunite them again a couple of days later.  Her father's dominions had been ravaged during the war. Even more so as the King heard of the matter and thus withdrew his right to appear at Marly, for it bothered the Duchesse. She thought Marie-Adélaïde was only acting and her affections trained and not honest. Vendôme was about to seat himself as he was send away again. A perfect Princesse. Louis XV subsequently named his fourth daughter Marie Adélaïde in his mother's honour.. The Comte de Brionne, the oldest son of Louis de Lorraine and therefore a nephew of the Chevalier de Lorraine, picked her up at the border and escorted her to Montargis, around 110 kilometres south of Paris. The Duc and Duchesse de Bourgogne played a trick on the Princesse d’Harcourt at Marly one time. de Ludes dress is gathered into a bustle and she wears a Fontanges headdress. She was only sixteen and the birth so difficult, that she received the Last Rites because it was feared she could die any moment. On 6 December in 1697, her twelfth birthday, the marriage contract was signed and Marie-Adélaïde was wed to Louis de France, Duc de Bourgogne, the following day. Petit-fils de Louis XIV et père de Louis XV.. It was probably the first and only time he ignored etiquette. It did not take long, until he was not welcome at Meudon, the residence of the Dauphin, anymore either. Little Marie-Adélaïde was rather fond of her grandmother and visited her frequently. Marie-Adélaïde panicked as she reached her rooms and told everything to Madame de Nogaret, who advised her to be very careful with Maulevrier or he might completely lose it. The court watched all amused how much she cared for the health of the gentleman. This worried Madame de Maintenon quite a bit. He got into a heated argument with the Dauphin about it. He loved it. For her, she was pretty much a spoiled child without manners and respect. They thought it might be measles… but then the rash disappeared again. Maulevrier whispered to her what he had found out on the way and talked bad of his rival. Les 11 et 14 décembre 1697, Louis XIV fait donner un bal dans la galerie des Glaces à l’occasion du mariage de l'aîné de ses petits-fils, le duc de Bourgogne, avec la fille aînée du duc de Savoie Victor-Amédée II, Marie-Adélaïde. Marie-Adélaïde’s health was quite robust, but by then it appeared as if that was changing. Then she made me sit down, having noticed at once that I cannot stand, and, almost seating herself on my lap, she said in a coaxing voice, “Mamma told me to give you a thousand messages from her, and to ask for your friendship for myself. She remained in bed on 7 February and by 6 o’clock in the evening, she was in so much pain that she had to ask the King to postpone his planned visit. She was not afraid of him, not in the least, and thus there was no restrain on her side. On 18 January, a Monday, Louis XIV went to Marly and as always, insisted Marie-Adélaïde should go with him. She married Victor-Amédée II, a grandchild of Louis XIII’s sister Christine de France, in April 1684. Something else that worried Madame de Maintenon was that the Duc seemed way more in love with the Duchesse, than the Duchesse with him. Instead, three days a week, she was a pupil at the Maison royale de Saint-Louis, the girls' school Madame de Maintenon had founded in 1684 in Saint-Cyr, in the vicinity of Versailles. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. LOUIS XIV, SA VIE LOUIS DE BOURGOGNE . She met Louis XIV there for the first time on 4 November and the great Sun King was at once utterly taken with her. Sweet natured and lively, always smiling and embracing. ISBN 0-7538-2293-8.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) The child, a short-lived boy, was given the title Duke of Brittany before his death in 1705.  As she was still a girl of 11 years, the marriage did not take place immediately. She liked him, was affectionate with him, but it did not quite seem that she loved him as much as he loved her. Enter your email address to receive notifications of new posts by email. Nobody had expected it, especially not Marie-Adélaïde, who judging by Louis XIV’s advanced age, would be the new Queen of France in a couple of years…. La Duchesse De Bourgogne - Une Princesse De Savoie À La Cour De Louis Xiv 1685-1712. Liselotte could not at all understand why everyone loved Marie-Adélaïde so much. Petit-fils de Louis XIV et père de Louis XV.. Publication date 1909 Topics Marie Adelaide, of Savoy, Duchess of Burgundy, 1685-1712 Publisher New York, Charles Scribner's Sons Collection cornell; americana Anne-Marie d’Orléans was a daughter of Monsieur, brother to Louis XIV, and his first wife Henriette d’Angleterre, sister of Charles II. The little girl was baptised Marie-Adélaïde, with her grandmother Marie-Jeanne-Baptiste de Savoie and Emmanuel-Philibert de Savoie-Carignan acting as godparents. Publication date 1909 Topics Marie Adelaide, of Savoy, Duchess of Burgundy, 1685-1712 Publisher New York, Charles Scribner's Sons Collection cornell; americana Among her admirers were a Monsieur Nangis, very handsome, not too smart, but a great ladies’ man, and Monsieur Maulevrier, a nephew of Colbert, very ugly, but very skilled and ambitious. Especially for a future Queen of France, who ought to be the embodiment of virtue and grace. The Treaty was meant to smooth the relationship of both countries and the marriage was supposed to seal the deal. Elle fit la conquête du vieux roi Louis XIV, grand-père de son époux ainsi que de l'épouse secrète de celui-ci, Madame de Maintenon (qu'elle appelait familièrement "ma tante"). After the nuptials and some celebrating, le Petit Dauphin, as the Duc de Bourgogne was called, was permitted to give his bride a peck on the lips and to accompany her to the bedchamber, where he was, ceremonially, allowed to place himself in the bridal bed for a moment, before being shooed out. Lansquenet was a game dating back to the Thirty Years’ War and named after the French spelling of the German word Landsknecht. Louis directed his anger at Vendôme now and Marie-Adélaïde finished him skilfully. There, the Duc de Bourgogne informed his grandfather the situation was a bit more … Marie-Adélaïde was already Louis’ favourite as it was finally time for the wedding to go ahead. Le mariage du « Petit Dauphin » Né à Versailles le 6 août 1682, quelques semaines seulement après l’installation de la Cour, Louis de France est le petit-fils de Louis XIV. The Sun King did not wish too much ado in regards of celebrations, only two balls, an opera and a firework. Her porters were in the know, dropped the chair and fled at once, while the Princess was left struggling and shrieking inside. This group, known as the cabale de Meudon, devoted themselves to her father-in-law, hoping to secure themselves in his expected reign upon the death of Louis XIV. And with Marie-Adélaïde’s death, the golden days of Versailles were finally over. Le duc de Bretagne naît le 25 juin 1704. Elle est le dernier enfant de Charles Ier d’Angleterre et d’Henriette-Marie de Bourbon. Madame de Maintenon wrote on 28 December 1711: “Our dear princess has been tortured for several days by abscesses in her teeth; but she is rather better to-day.” And on 11 January: “A few days ago she had a feverish attack; the courtiers were dismayed, and talked of the irreparable loss which her death would cause.” Versailles had a very deadly measles epidemic that winter. Neither of it helped and only weakened her further… and so, on 12 February, a Friday, after several hours of unconsciousness, Marie-Adélaïde died at 8 o’clock in the evening. Although he was not the ultimate favourite general anymore, he still belong to the lucky few to have access to Marly. She had been its life, she filled it, possessed it, penetrated its inmost being; and, if it survived her, it was only to drag on a languishing existence.”, Your email address will not be published. - Lieutenant Colonel Henri Carré / Livres anciens (Autre) 55,50 € Bon état Elle est le dernier enfant de Charles Ier d’Angleterre et d’Henriette-Marie de Bourbon. She did that, her face being wrapped up, and played cards, before retiring again to have supper in bed. Taking the first opportunity, he confronted the Duchesse about Nangis. Marie-Adélaïde was beautiful and had a fair share of ardent admirers… much to the displeasure of Madame de Maintenon, who always kept an eye on her…. They are as much a political asset as they are beloved daughters. No touching or other things until she turned fourteen. She was unconscious for most of the day and her doctors had no clue why. But with no evil spirit. Not even the death of his brother had caused him such extended grief. Il veut renouer avec les beaux jours de la Cour. Son enfance n’est pas des plus heureuses : elle voit le jour en pleine guerre civile. She was bled twice yesterday, and has had three doses of opium; a moment ago she seemed more easy. She loved to play tricks on people. One was tempted to think her wholly devoted to the people with whom she happened to be for the moment.”. Her arrival in Versailles was described "like a breath of fresh air," reviving the dull court. La Duchesse De Bourgogne Et L'Alliance Savoyarde Sous Louis XIV / Par Le Comte D'Haussonville.  Upon the death of Le Grand Dauphin, Marie Adélaïde's husband became Dauphin of France and she Dauphine of France.  Having been bled and given emetics, she died in Versailles at the age of 26. As they arrived, her face was swollen and she retired to bed at once. Marie-Adélaïde of Savoy was the granddaughter of Louis XIV’s brother Philippe.  Their son, the Duke of Brittany succeeded as Dauphin, but he died the following March from the measles. Marie-Adélaïde de Savoie was certainly on of the most sparkling gems of Louis XIV’s Versailles and the mother of Louis XV. Her mother, who was in constant contact with her native France, prepared the little girl very well for what she had to expect at the Sun King’s court. Dauphin de France (1711-1712). Le marié a quinze ans et la duchesse douze. It made people aware that the little pretty Princesse was more than they thought she was.  The Treaty of Turin was negotiated under the influence of the Maréchal de Tessé, who suggested that Marie Adelaïde be sent to France to perfect her education before marrying the French prince.. Versailles got a little less dull with the arrival of Marie-Adélaïde. Marie Adélaïde bore two more children in 1707 and 1710. Fils aîné du Grand Dauphin et de Marie-Anne de Bavière. Ses grands-parents maternels étaient Ferdinand-Marie, électeur de Bavière et Henriette-Adélaïde de Savoie, fille de Victor-Amédée Ier, le duc de Savoie. Styled as Duchess of Burgundy after her marriage, she became Dauphine of France upon the death of her father-in-law, Le Grand Dauphin, in 1711. He knew what was going on and fearing for his very future at court, decided to avoid Maulevrier as best as he could. Vive, charmante et attachante, la duchesse Marie Adélaïde de … His heir, the last son of the duke de Bourgogne, was a five-year-old child who was not expected to live. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. faits historiques inconnus sur partie des règnes de Louisxiv et de Louis xv , Paris, Treuttel et Würtz, 1806, t. i, p. 75. Emperor Leopold declined, due to the young age of Marie-Adélaïde. Marie-Adélaïde was only around ten years old as the negations for a possible match started. To maintain her influence over her grandfather-in-law, the Duchess of Burgundy organized Berry's marriage to Marie Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans, the eldest daughter of Philippe d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans and of his wife Françoise Marie de Bourbon. Until then, there were plenty other things to do and the new Duchesse engaged happily in them. Marie-Adélaïde of Savoy was the granddaughter of Louis XIV’s brother Philippe. The new Duchess of Burgundy had a close relationship with the king and with Madame de Maintenon. Marie-Adélaïde de Savoie, duchesse de Bourgogne puis dauphine de France : une princesse musicienne et mécène à la cour de Louis XIV (Jean-Philippe Goujon) « Que Mme la duchesse de Bourgogne fasse sa volonté depuis le matin jusqu’au soir ». Her birth nearly cost her sixteen-year-old mother her life. She had one on 1705 and Madame de Maintenon noted in a letter: “The Duchesse de Bourgogne is not well; the doctors prescribe a number of remedies which require much more patience than she is able to give. She did that and also received absolution and extreme unction. - Lieutenant Colonel Henri Carré / Livres anciens (Autre) Occasion dès 55,50 € • Fraser, Antonia (2006). Le marié a quinze ans et la duchesse douze. Later that evening, he attempted to sneak back in and was caught in the act by a chamber-woman, who, using profanities, showed him back out at once and reported the incident to the King. Born at the Royal Palace of Turin in December 1685, Marie Adélaïde was the eldest daughter of Victor Amadeus II, Duke of Savoy since 1675, and his French wife Anne Marie d'Orléans, a niece of Louis XIV, and the daughter of Philippe of France, Duke of Orléans and of Henrietta of England. Ashe Theme by Royal-Flush - 2020 ©. (The marriage was not consummated until two years later.) During a court ball the Duchesse de Bourgogne was engaged in a conversation with Louis XIV himself when a maid of hers snug in under the Duchesse's elaborate ball gown and performed an enema right on the spot! They decided she should be bled once more, enjoy a bath in boiling hot water and take an emetic. At Fontainebleau, Marie Adélaïde caught a fever which escalated in measles. Content may not be reproduced or distributed without permission of the author(s). Louis XIV did not. She was the mother of the future King Louis XV of France.  As a female, she was not eligible to inherit the duchy of Savoy due to salic law. A fine scolding followed the next day and Louis was reminded, that he may kiss his wife, now and then, when the situation was fitting, but that was all. , Marie Adelaide was tiny, even described as "doll-sized." The Duchesse begged the Dauphin to excuse her, for his presence at Marly was hard to deal with already and playing cards, at one table, was more than she could bear after what happened. The Duc de Bourgogne, assured it was nothing serious as well, nevertheless travelled to Meudon, with his wife, to spent the day at the bedside of his father. , Duc De Bourgogne a L'ArmeÂ´e; Les Annees D'Epreuves Duc de bourgogne louis xiv - Die besten Duc de bourgogne louis xiv analysiert After the Dauphine's death, the royal family moved to Marly to avoid the spread of infection. The death of Philippe de France, Duc d’Orléans. On 6 December 1697, on her twelfth birthday, Marie Adelaïde was formally married to the Duke of Burgundy in the Palace of Versailles. … 7 p.m.—The Dauphine, after smoking and chewing tobacco, and taking a fourth dose of opium, is rather better. Then threatened to spill the beans to the King, la Maintenon, the Dauphin and her husband, while he held her hand so firm in his, that it was nearly crushed. Marie-Adélaïde said the pain was worse than what she suffered during childbirth. Dauphin de France (1711-1712). Erfahrungsberichte zu Duc de bourgogne louis xiv analysiert. Louis XIV died in 1715, four days shy of his 77th birthday. Elle fit la conquête du vieux roi Louis XIV, grand-père de son époux ainsi que de l'épouse secrète de celui-ci, Madame de Maintenon (qu'elle appelait familièrement "ma tante"). It was a new experience for him and rejuvenated his spirits. Titillating tidbits from the court of the Sun King. Her husband was the eldest son of Le Grand Dauphin and Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria.. More dangerous than gambling, playing tricks and teasing people, is probably flirting. It was all the same to her, as long as she could dance with someone. The Duchess of Burgundy gave birth to her first child in 1704.  The influential Marie Adélaïde also brought about the disgrace of Louis Joseph, Duke of Vendôme, the great military man of the era.. Monsieur, her grandpa, was beside himself with joy at the thought. Louis XIV, extremely pleased with her, sought to please her in return and arranged for all sorts of entertaining distractions. As Monsieur died in 1701, she was beside herself with grief for a long time. Saint-Simon puts it best, writing: “With her, departed joy, pleasure, and every kind of grace; and darkness settled over all the Court. Victor Amadeus had first proposed Marie Adélaïde as a candidate for marriage with the Archduke Joseph, but Emperor Leopold I had declined because of their young age. Saint-Simon wrote about her: “She was kind to everybody, even to the least influential and the most unimportant, without any appearance of conscious effort. I am going to see her, and will close this letter as late as possible in order to give you the last news. They informed the father-in-law of Maulevrier, who happened to be the Comte de Tessé, and he decided that since the illness Maulevrier suffered of had still not been cured by the doctors, Maulevrier should accompany him to Spain for a change of air. Maulevrier, not wanting to leave court to participate in a campaign, feigned and illness and pretended to have lost his voice. Ils eurent trois enfants. While she tried, the doctors, seven of them, had a chat about what to do next. Welche Punkte es vorm Kauf Ihres Duc de bourgogne louis xiv zu beachten gibt! Until then, Marie-Adélaïde had visited Saint-Cyr three times a week to be prepared for her duties. Score: 94 with 4,562 ratings and reviews. However, Monsieur Fagon does not think much of the tumour of which she is so proud, for she likes to give big names to her maladies.” Another malady followed in 1708, which Madame de Maintenon blames on exhaustion after the festivities of the carnival. This went on for a long six weeks during which Marie-Adélaïde constantly feared impending doom. Marie-Adélaïde greeted her warmly and addressed her with a slightly improper but very endearing ma tante. Saint-Simon relates the following exchange as Louis and Madame de Maintenon talked about Queen Anne: “‘ Ma tante,’ one must admit that in England the queens govern better than the kings: and do you know why, ma tante? Yesterday he did me the honour to say that he will have to be careful in what he says or people will think that he is exaggerating… She has a natural courtesy which makes it impossible for her to say anything unkind. Madame, her step-grandma, was not so much of a fan. 2 Cf. Marie Adélaïde of Savoy (6 December 1685 – 12 February 1712) was the wife of Louis, Dauphin of France, Duke of Burgundy. Media related to Marie Adélaïde of Savoy at Wikimedia Commons, Marie Adélaïde of Savoy as depicted circa 1697 by a member of the, Louis, Dauphin of France, Duke of Burgundy, Louis of France, Duke of Anjou then Dauphin of France, future King Louis XV, Charles Amadeus of Savoy, Duke of Nemours, Luisa Cristina, Princess Maurice of Savoy, Louise, Hereditary Princess of Baden-Baden, Maria Carolina, Electoral Princess of Saxony, Maria Cristina, Queen of the Two Sicilies, Bona Margherita, Princess Konrad of Bavaria, Maria Gabriella, Mrs Zellinger de Balkany, Maria Beatrice, Mrs Reyna-Corvalán y Dillon, Princess Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate, Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Marie_Adélaïde_of_Savoy&oldid=982188552, Articles containing Italian-language text, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. la duchesse de Bourgogne ; l'ère de Louis XV on Amazon.com. It was quite the humiliation for him. She wrote in a letter to Anne-Marie d’Orléans: “Your Royal Highness, will hardly believe how pleased the king is.