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Linia brzegowa jest bardzo dobrze rozwinięta; składają się na nią liczne półwyspy (Alaska, Kenai) i przybrzeżne wyspy (Aleuty, Archipelag Aleksandra, Kodiak, Nunivak, Wyspa Świętego Wawrzyńca, Wyspy Pribyłowa). It is the 3rd least populated state. This includes fish taken by hook, net or wheel.. These have been given ownership over large tracts of land, which require stewardship. Ta Alaska ny steat smoo ayns ny Steatyn Unnaneysit as ee 1,717,856 km² er eaghtyr. This area was largely set aside and developed under a state program spearheaded by Hammond during his second term as governor. W odróżnieniu od większości stanów Alaska nie dzieli się na hrabstwa, lecz okręgi (borough), znaczna część stanu jest przy tym niezorganizowana. The psychological thriller Insomnia, starring Al Pacino and Robin Williams, was shot in Canada, but was set in Alaska. The first permanent European settlement was founded in 1784. Hispanics or Latinos of any race made up 5.5% of the population. The United States Geological Survey estimates that there are 85.4 trillion cubic feet (2,420 km3) of undiscovered, technically recoverable gas from natural gas hydrates on the Alaskan North Slope. Prominent musicians from Alaska include singer Jewel, traditional Aleut flautist Mary Youngblood, folk singer-songwriter Libby Roderick, Christian music singer-songwriter Lincoln Brewster, metal/post hardcore band 36 Crazyfists and the groups Pamyua and Portugal. Negara bagian ini berbatasan dengan Yukon dan British Columbia di Kanada. "Alaska Grown" is used as an agricultural slogan. Ngune wono kadudu. He officially rejoined the Republican party in 1994. Najpowszechniej używanymi językami są: Eksploatuje się ropę naftową (jedne z największych złóż na świecie), gaz ziemny, złoto, platynę, rudy miedzi, cyny, niklu, uranu. The new law means people over 21 can consume small amounts of pot. The Unorganized Borough has no government of its own, but the U.S. Census Bureau in cooperation with the state divided the Unorganized Borough into 11 census areas solely for the purposes of statistical analysis and presentation. English: Alaska is the largest and most northern state of the United States . The highest and lowest recorded temperatures in Alaska are both in the Interior. 't Heet evels mer 655.435 inwoeners.De staot weurt ouch wel De Lèste Grens (The Last Frontier) geneump.De hoofstad vaan Alaska is Juneau.. Historie. Kodiak Island is also located in Southwest. L'Alaska est habitée pendant des milliers d'années par différents peuples avant la colonisation européenne. Geografia. In 1989, the Exxon Valdez hit a reef in the Prince William Sound, spilling more than 11 million U.S. gallons (42 megaliters) of crude oil over 1,100 miles (1,800 km) of coastline. Out of the estimated 663,661 residents, 8,550 were pilots, or about one in 78, Federal Aviation Administration. Hunting for subsistence, primarily caribou, moose, and Dall sheep is still common in the state, particularly in remote Bush communities. Until construction of the Parks Highway in the 1970s, the railroad provided the only land access to most of the region along its entire route. The climate in the extreme north of Alaska is Arctic (Köppen: ET) with long, very cold winters and short, cool summers. , On March 27, 1964, the massive Good Friday earthquake killed 133 people and destroyed several villages and portions of large coastal communities, mainly by the resultant tsunamis and landslides. According to a 2013 study by Phoenix Marketing International, Alaska had the fifth-largest number of millionaires per capita in the United States, with a ratio of 6.75 percent. L'Alasca (englais Alaska, uffizialmain State of Alaska ) è in stadi federativ dals Stadis Unids da l'America.Sia chapitala è Juneau.Sia populaziun munta a 698'473 abitants. From its initial principal of $734,000, the fund has grown to $50 billion as a result of oil royalties and capital investment programs.  The superior and district courts are trial courts. , The first European vessel to reach Alaska is generally held to be the St. Gabriel under the authority of the surveyor M. S. Gvozdev and assistant navigator I. Fyodorov on August 21, 1732, during an expedition of Siberian cossack A. F. Shestakov and Russian explorer Dmitry Pavlutsky (1729–1735).. They organized a "provisional city government", which was Alaska's first municipal government, but not in a legal sense. The state capital, Juneau, is not accessible by road, only a car ferry; this has spurred debate over decades about moving the capital to a city on the road system, or building a road connection from Haines. Ultima mudifica di a pagina: u 23 mar 2014, 13:57. Alaska (/əˈlæskə/ (listen); Aleut: Alax̂sxax̂; Inupiaq: Alaasikaq; Pacific Gulf Yupik: Alas'kaaq; Tlingit: Anáaski; Russian: Аля́ска, romanized: Alyáska) is a U.S. state on the northwest extremity of the country's West Coast, just across the Bering Strait from Asia. The Permanent Fund is often considered to be one of the leading examples of a "Basic income" policy in the world. Every year, the state legislature takes out 8% from the earnings, puts 3% back into the principal for inflation proofing, and the remaining 5% is distributed to all qualifying Alaskans. O Alasca (em inglês Alaska e em russo Аляска) é um dos 50 estados dos Estados Unidos e o maior em extensão territorial, sendo maior do que os estados norte-americanos do Texas, Califórnia e Montana juntos (respectivamente o segundo, o terceiro e o quarto mais extensos). The 2018 gross state product was $55 billion, 48th in the nation. Lisa Murkowski, senior United States Senator, Dan Sullivan, junior United States Senator.  The peony industry has also taken off, as the growing season allows farmers to harvest during a gap in supply elsewhere in the world, thereby filling a niche in the flower market.. USS Alaska is the second Tier IX ship available for Free Experience ( ) in the American tech tree, and is the first Free XP ship to be priced at 1,000,000 .. On paper, many aspects of Alaska will resemble those of her counterparts, Kronshtadt and Azuma.In game, however, captains will find that Alaska has a play style more similar to that of German heavy cruisers (such as Roon). After being elected governor in 2002, he resigned from the Senate and appointed his daughter, State representative Lisa Murkowski, as his successor. Español: Alaska es un estado de los Estados Unidos (desde 3 de enero de 1959), situado en el extremo noroeste del continente americano. Some of Alaska's popular annual events are the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race from Anchorage to Nome, World Ice Art Championships in Fairbanks, the Blueberry Festival and Alaska Hummingbird Festival in Ketchikan, the Sitka Whale Fest, and the Stikine River Garnet Fest in Wrangell. The Alaska Statehood Committee and Alaska's Constitutional Convention would soon follow. Alaska er USA's største delstat, har 698.473 indbyggere (2009) og dækker et areal, der er mere end dobbelt så stort som Texas, USA's næststørste delstat.Alaska ligger i det nordvestlige Nordamerika og har grænse til Canada (Yukon og British Columbia), men ikke til nogen af USA's andre delstater.Mod nord ligger Arktiske Hav, mod vest Beringstrædet og mod syd Stillehavet. While Alaska has no state sales tax, 89 municipalities collect a local sales tax, from 1.0 to 7.5%, typically 3–5%. 47,7% stanowiły kobiety. Most of the population lives along the coast. The Man. On average, Anchorage receives 16 in (41 cm) of precipitation a year, with around 75 in (190 cm) of snow, although there are areas in the south central which receive far more snow. The cost of delivering a 1 US gallon (3.8 L) of milk is about $3.50 in many villages where per capita income can be $20,000 or less.  Alaskan Hindus often share venues and celebrations with members of other Asian religious communities, including Sikhs and Jains. Fichier:Alaska 5 shield.svg. After his crew returned to Russia with sea otter pelts judged to be the finest fur in the world, small associations of fur traders began to sail from the shores of Siberia toward the Aleutian Islands. Alaska môže byť: anglický názov Aljašky, pozri Aljaška; USS Alaska; trieda lodí, pozri Alaska (trieda lodí) Toto je rozlišovacia stránka. The University of Alaska, as a land grant university, also owns substantial acreage which it manages independently. , The Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals are appellate courts. , Rural Alaska suffers from extremely high prices for food and consumer goods compared to the rest of the country, due to the relatively limited transportation infrastructure. West of Fairbanks lies another concentration of small farms catering to restaurants, the hotel and tourist industry, and community-supported agriculture. Alaska. On the other extreme, some locations between Dillingham and Bethel average around 100 in (250 cm) of precipitation.. Przeciętny mieszkaniec Alaski zjada około 0,5 kg mięsa dziennie. To the north are the Chukchi and Beaufort seas of the Arctic Ocean, while the Pacific Ocean lies to the south and southwest. Employment is primarily in government and industries such as natural resource extraction, shipping, and transportation. Obsahuje rozličné významy uvedeného hesla. Bahasa Indonesia; Bahasa Melayu; català ; dansk; Deutsch; eesti; English; español; français; galego; italiano; Nederlands; norsk bokmål; polski; Simple English; suomi; svenska; Tiếng Việt; čeština; русск� Various private interests own the remaining land, totaling about one percent of the state. Sitka, renamed New Archangel from 1804 to 1867, on Baranof Island in the Alexander Archipelago in what is now Southeast Alaska, became the capital of Russian America.  The Department of Revenue Tax Division reports regularly on the state's revenue sources. Spożywa się także wodorosty i korzenie roślin. The "Serum Run" is another sled dog race that more accurately follows the route of the famous 1925 relay, leaving from the community of Nenana (southwest of Fairbanks) to Nome. Alaska's voter initiative making marijuana legal took effect on February 24, 2015, placing Alaska alongside Colorado and Washington as the first three U.S. states where recreational marijuana is legal. A Alaska Airlines é uma companhia aérea norte-americana baseada em Seattle Tacoma, arredores de Seattle, Washington. The richest location in Alaska by per capita income is Halibut Cove ($89,895). Em 2005 transportou mais de 12 milhões de passageiros. Do terytorium należą też Aleuty. The Alaska Bush, central Juneau, midtown and downtown Anchorage, and the areas surrounding the University of Alaska Fairbanks campus and Ester have been strongholds of the Democratic Party. The Alaska Heritage Resources Survey (AHRS) is a restricted inventory of all reported historic and prehistoric sites within the state of Alaska; it is maintained by the Office of History and Archaeology.  Most if not all the principal is invested conservatively outside Alaska. Alaska (IPA: /əˈlæskə/, ruoššagillii: Аляска) lea Amerihká ovttastuvvan stáhtaid 49. oassestáhta.Viidodaga ektui Alaska lea Amerihká ovttastuvvan stáhtaid stuorimus oassestáhta. That same year, not coincidentally, Alaska repealed its state income tax. Six Republicans and four Democrats have served as governor of Alaska. Starting in 1982, dividends from the fund's annual growth have been paid out each year to eligible Alaskans, ranging from an initial $1,000 in 1982 (equal to three years' payout, as the distribution of payments was held up in a lawsuit over the distribution scheme) to $3,269 in 2008 (which included a one-time $1,200 "Resource Rebate").  Alaska is the only state that has no institutions that are part of NCAA Division I. Ten artykuł jest częścią serii: More than 300 small volcanic islands make up this chain, which stretches more than 1,200 miles (1,900 km) into the Pacific Ocean. Some of the highest and lowest temperatures in Alaska occur around the area near Fairbanks. Według danych z 2017 roku, 65,3% mieszkańców stanowiła ludność biała (61,5% nie licząc Latynosów), 14,2% to rdzenna ludność Alaski, 8,5% miało rasę mieszaną, 6,2% to Azjaci, 3,2% to Murzyni lub Afroamerykanie, 1,2% to Hawajczycy i mieszkańcy innych wysp Pacyfiku. This line is now mainly used by tourists, often arriving by cruise liner at Skagway. The Court of Appeals is required to hear appeals from certain lower-court decisions, including those regarding criminal prosecutions, juvenile delinquency, and habeas corpus. Canada (/ ˈ k æ n ə d ə / (); French: ) is a country in North America.It is north of the United States.Its land reaches from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west and the Arctic Ocean to the north. Some researchers believe the first Russian settlement in Alaska was established in the 17th century. Alaska, with no counties, lacks county fairs. The state's most populous city is Anchorage, home to 278,700 people in 2006, 225,744 of whom live in the urbanized area. Estimates show North Dakota ahead as of 2018[update]. , To finance state government operations, Alaska depends primarily on petroleum revenues and federal subsidies. Due to the northern climate and short growing season, relatively little farming occurs in Alaska. Staturin er 1,5 mill. It was derived from an Aleut-language idiom, which figuratively refers to the mainland. Medzi Northwayom a Tokom. It has borders with Canada, the Arctic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, the Bering Sea, and the Bering Strait.. Alaska is the biggest state in the United States. Alaska ass dee flächeméisseg gréissten (eng 20 % vun der totaler Fläch), nërdlechsten a westlechste Bundesstaat vun de Vereenegte Staate vun Amerika, souwéi déi gréisst Exklav vun der Äerd. Geologists have identified Alaska as part of Wrangellia, a large region consisting of multiple states and Canadian provinces in the Pacific Northwest, which is actively undergoing continent building.  Legislation allowing Alaskan communities to legally incorporate as cities did not come about until 1900, and home rule for cities was extremely limited or unavailable until statehood took effect in 1959. The Matanuska-Susitna Borough, the majority of Fairbanks (including North Pole and the military base), and South Anchorage typically have the strongest Republican showing. As a result, an increasing number of Russian Orthodox churches gradually became established within Alaska. The state is considered the entry point for the settlement of North America by way of the Bering land bridge. The Alaska Native Arts Foundation promotes and markets Native art from all regions and cultures in the State, using the internet.. This event is celebrated as Alaska Day, a legal holiday on October 18. Republican Frank Murkowski held the state's other senatorial position. Statehood supporters also found themselves fighting major battles against political foes, mostly in the U.S. Congress but also within Alaska. Some modern researchers associate Kheuveren with Koyuk River. Many communities have small air taxi services.  The University of Alaska has attempted to combat this by offering partial four-year scholarships to the top 10% of Alaska high school graduates, via the Alaska Scholars Program.. Alaska is the seventh largest sub-national division in the world, and if it was an independent nation would be the 19th largest country in the world. Alaska Native Brotherhood, Alaska Native Sisterhood The Alaska Native Brotherhood was founded in Sitka in 1912 to address racism against Alaska Native people in Alaska. Alaska (wymowa:/əˈlæskə/ i) – stan Stanów Zjednoczonych w północno-zachodniej części Ameryki Północnej, będący eksklawą Stanów Zjednoczonych. Upon arriving in Alaska, they set up "Camp Hollywood" in Northwest Alaska, where they lived during the duration of the filming. , In areas not served by road or rail, primary transportation in summer is by all-terrain vehicle and in winter by snowmobile or "snow machine", as it is commonly referred to in Alaska. Louis B. Mayer spared no expense in spite of the remote location, going so far as to hire the chef from the Hotel Roosevelt in Hollywood to prepare meals. Zobacz też: Mount Foraker (wierzchołek południowy) – 5124 m. Mount Foraker (wierzchołek południowo-zachodni) – ~5060 m. Mount Blackburn (wierzchołek południowo-wschodni) – 4964 m. Mount Bona (wierzchołek zachodni) – 4773 m. 1640 – odkrycie Alaski przez żeglarzy hiszpańskich; 1732 – okręt rosyjski wysłany przez dowódcę ekspedycji wojskowej, 15–16 lipca 1741 – pierwsza morska ekspedycja naukowa pod dowództwem duńskiego badacza w służbie Rosji, 1784 – pierwsza kolonia założona przez rosyjskich handlarzy futer na wyspie. The North Slope and Little Diomede Island are occupied by the widespread Inupiat people. Federal government employees, particularly United States Postal Service (USPS) workers and active-duty military members, receive a Cost of Living Allowance usually set at 25% of base pay because, while the cost of living has gone down, it is still one of the highest in the country. The state is bordered by Canada's Yukon and British Columbia to the east (making it the only state to border a Canadian territory), the Gulf of Alaska and the Pacific Ocean to the south and southwest, the Bering Sea, Bering Strait, and Chukchi Sea to the west and the Arctic Ocean to the north. , Anchorage merged the city government with the Greater Anchorage Area Borough in 1975 to form the Municipality of Anchorage, containing the city proper and the communities of Eagle River, Chugiak, Peters Creek, Girdwood, Bird, and Indian. The Russians never fully colonized Alaska, and the colony was never very profitable. The program requires 70% of that subsidy to go to carriers who offer passenger service to the communities. Individual Native allotments can be and are sold on the open market, however. Spod snehu. 3.—2000. The smallest towns and villages must rely on scheduled or chartered bush flying services using general aviation aircraft such as the Cessna Caravan, the most popular aircraft in use in the state. Owing to the low population density, most of the land is located in the Unorganized Borough. Regional Native corporation Doyon, Limited often promotes itself as the largest private landowner in Alaska in advertisements and other communications. Alaska is a U.S. state on the northwest extremity of the country's West Coast, just across the Bering Strait from Asia. With its myriad islands, Alaska has nearly 34,000 miles (55,000 km) of tidal shoreline. U testu hè dispunibile sicondu a licenzia Creative Commons Attribuzione-Cundivide à listessu modu; cundizione ulteriore ponu applicà si dinò. Many cities, towns and villages in the state do not have road or highway access; the only modes of access involve travel by air, river, or the sea. The United States Lend-Lease program involved flying American warplanes through Canada to Fairbanks and then Nome; Soviet pilots took possession of these aircraft, ferrying them to fight the German invasion of the Soviet Union. În momentul contactului cu Europa prin cercetătorii ruși, Alaska era populată de grupuri de nativi. The state capital of Juneau is the second-largest city in the United States by area, comprising more territory than the states of Rhode Island and Delaware. Свердлов Л. М. Русское поселение на Аляске в XVII в.?  The Tlingit people developed a society with a matrilineal kinship system of property inheritance and descent in what is today Southeast Alaska, along with parts of British Columbia and the Yukon. A total of 5.2% of Alaskans speak one of the state's 20 indigenous languages, known locally as "native languages". The 20 languages that were included in the bill are: According to statistics collected by the Association of Religion Data Archives from 2010, about 34% of Alaska residents were members of religious congregations. À propos de Wikipédia; Avertissements; Rechercher. С.67–69. One of the most prominent movies filmed in Alaska is MGM's Eskimo/Mala The Magnificent, starring Alaska Native Ray Mala. In addition, the state operates a boarding school, Mt. W części południowej klimat jest umiarkowany chłodny, a na dalekiej północy subpolarny. À propos de Wikipédia; Avertissements; Rechercher. Rodinka medveďov čiernych na večeri Naposledy upravené 2. máj 2006 o 16:15.  The state government has had to drastically reduce its budget, and has brought its budget shortfall from over $2 billion in 2016 to under $500 million by 2018.  Alaska also has the largest Quaker population (by percentage) of any state. parish). Аронов В. Н. Патриарх Камчатского мореходства.  Local political communities have often worked on issues related to land use development, fishing, tourism, and individual rights. Alaszka (angolul Alaska, IPA: [əˈlæskə] kiejtése ) az Amerikai Egyesült Államok egyik exklávé tagállama. Its per capita personal income for 2018 was $73,000, ranking 7th in the nation. It is technically part of the continental U.S., but is sometimes not included in colloquial use; Alaska is not part of the contiguous U.S., often called "the Lower 48". The state is divided into 34 recording districts which are centrally administered under a State Recorder. , Alaska's internet and other data transport systems are provided largely through the two major telecommunications companies: GCI and Alaska Communications. Many Alaskans take advantage of salmon seasons to harvest portions of their household diet while fishing for subsistence, as well as sport. "Природа". About 3.5% spoke Spanish at home, 2.2% spoke another Indo-European language, about 4.3% spoke an Asian language (including Tagalog), and about 5.3% spoke other languages at home. Languages, Alaska Native Language Center.  Of these, the Bureau of Land Management manages 87 million acres (35 million hectares), or 23.8% of the state. There are no officially defined borders demarcating the various regions of Alaska, but there are six widely accepted regions: The most populous region of Alaska, containing Anchorage, the Matanuska-Susitna Valley and the Kenai Peninsula. However, the respective Inupiat of the North Slope and of the Northwest Arctic seldom consider themselves to be one people.. Colliaziuns. , The Trans-Alaska Pipeline can transport and pump up to 2.1 million barrels (330,000 m3) of crude oil per day, more than any other crude oil pipeline in the United States. Alaska was loosely governed by the military initially, and was administered as a district starting in 1884, with a governor appointed by the President of the United States. This seat is held by Republican Don Young, who was re-elected to his 21st consecutive term in 2012. An example of a traditional native food is Akutaq, the Eskimo ice cream, which can consist of reindeer fat, seal oil, dried fish meat and local berries. Jereo koa/Lahatsoratra ilaina [ hanova | hanova ny fango ] The race commemorates the famous 1925 serum run to Nome in which mushers and dogs like Togo and Balto took much-needed medicine to the diphtheria-stricken community of Nome when all other means of transportation had failed. The Tsimshian people came to Alaska from British Columbia in 1887, when President Grover Cleveland, and later the U.S. Congress, granted them permission to settle on Annette Island and found the town of Metlakatla.  Alaska also offers some of the highest hydroelectric power potential in the country from its numerous rivers. The railroad played a vital role in Alaska's development, moving freight into Alaska while transporting natural resources southward, such as coal from the Usibelli coal mine near Healy to Seward and gravel from the Matanuska Valley to Anchorage. Southwest Alaska is a sparsely inhabited region stretching some 500 miles (800 km) inland from the Bering Sea. Szövege a következő: Eight stars of gold on a field of blue - Alaska's flag. In 2008, Governor Sarah Palin became the first Republican woman to run on a national ticket when she became John McCain's running mate. Like all other U.S. states, Alaska is governed as a republic, with three branches of government: an executive branch consisting of the governor of Alaska and his or her appointees which head executive departments; a legislative branch consisting of the Alaska House of Representatives and Alaska Senate; and a judicial branch consisting of the Alaska Supreme Court and lower courts. As of 2004[update], well over half of all registered voters have chosen "non-partisan" or "undeclared" as their affiliation, despite recent attempts to close primaries to unaffiliated voters. Whatever you call it, there's a lot riding on it", "Alaska United Fiber Optic System homepage", Arctic fiber-optic cable could benefit far-flung Alaskans, "State of Alaska Workforce Profile Fiscal Year 2013", "Judge rules against Alaska marijuana law", "Questions And Answers—About Alaskan Independence", "Marijuana Is Now Legal in Alaska, The 3rd U.S. State With Legal Pot", Marijuana milestone: Alaska's first pot shop opens to the public in Valdez, "12 states that have either no income or sales taxes", "How Friendly Is Your State's Tax System? The Interstate Highways in Alaska consists of a total of 1082 miles. On an annual basis, Southeast is both the wettest and warmest part of Alaska with milder temperatures in the winter and high precipitation throughout the year. , Most food in Alaska is transported into the state from "Outside", and shipping costs make food in the cities relatively expensive. 100,960 people identified as Evangelical Protestants, 50,866 as Roman Catholic, and 32,550 as mainline Protestants.  It is one of five states with no sales tax, one of seven states with no individual income tax, and—along with New Hampshire—one of two that has neither. Through various projects, chapters, and the support structure of the non-profit Wikimedia Foundation, Wikimedia strives to bring about a world in which every single human being can freely share in the sum of all knowledge.. Construction of the Alaska Governor's Mansion began that same year. Senators serve four-year terms and House members two. Alaska Milk Corporation: Albena (entreprise) Albert (grande distribution) Albert Heijn: Alberts Frères: Albus Novi Sad: Alcampo: Alcatraz Films (entreprise) Alcon: Aldus: ALE International ★ Maschinenfabrik Esslingen - wikipédia: ébauche entreprise .. Add an external link to your content for free. Released in 1924 by the Alaska Moving Picture Corporation, it was the only film the company made. is a global movement whose mission is to bring free educational content to the world.  Alaska is the least densely populated state, and one of the most sparsely populated areas in the world, at 1.2 inhabitants per square mile (0.46/km2), with the next state, Wyoming, at 5.8 inhabitants per square mile (2.2/km2). Fichier:Alaska 9 shield.svg. Transakcję wartą 7,2 mln dolarów w imieniu Rosji zawarł baron Edward de Stoeckl, a w imieniu Stanów Zjednoczonych William Seward, który wcześniej zabiegał o zakup tych terenów. Because of limited highway access, air travel remains the most efficient form of transportation in and out of the state.
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